Background documents

1.    Definitive documents

Ekblom, P. (2011) Crime Prevention, Security and Community Safety Using the 5Is Framework. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Contains latest definitions, headings etc. Chapter 1 and Index are available to download at the Palgrave site above.

 2.    Current documents – still largely up to date

Ekblom, P (2004) ‘Le Cadre des 5 I’ dans Bruston, P et Haroune, A (éds.)  Réseau européen de prévention de la criminalité: (REPC) Description et échange de bonnes pratiques.  Paris: Délégation Interministérielle à la Ville.

5Is en français and in English, with full conference papers.

Ekblom, P (2004) ‘Shared Responsibilities, Pooled Resources: a Partnership Approach to Crime Prevention’, In P. Ekblom and A Wyvekens A Partnership Approach to Crime Prevention / Le partenariat dans la prévention de la délinquance. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.

Ekblom, P (2006) ‘Good practice? Invest in a Framework!Network News, Spring 2006. Chester: National Community Safety Network.

A brief and punchy statement – some might say a rant – of the case for 5Is and CCO frameworks over simpler equivalents.

Kent, A. (2006) Using the 5Is for Evaluation. A List of Interview Themes for Practitioners. London: Home Office.

Simplified 5Is headings used in interviews with practitioners to elicit practice knowledge descriptions, also trialled by police in UK National Intelligence Model ‘results analysis’ case studies.

Ekblom, P (2007) ‘The 5Is framework: Sharing good practice in crime prevention’ Chapter in Marks, E, Meyer, A and Linssen (Eds.) Quality in Crime Prevention. Hannover, Germany: Lower Saxony Crime Prevention Council.

Brief summary of 5Is, still largely up to date. A connection with the EU-funded Beccaria Programme for quality in crime prevention.

Ekblom, P (2006). 5Is: Ein praktisches Hilfsmittel zum Wissens-Transfer in der Kriminalprävention.

German translation of 5Is summary document.

Bullock, K. and Ekblom, P. (2010) ‘Richness, retrievability and reliability – issues in a working knowledge base for good practice in crime prevention’. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 16, 29-47. DOI 10.1007/s10610-010-9116-9.

Critique of a now-superseded version of a (still not greatly improved) UK government attempt to capture practice knowledge from practitioner contributions.

Ekblom, P. (2012) ‘Citizen participation in crime prevention – capturing practice knowledge through the 5Is framework’ in M. Coester and E. Marks (eds.) International Perspectives of Crime Prevention – Contributions from the 4th Annual International Forum. Forum Verlag: Mönchengladbach.

Describes Involvement issues with a case study of ‘Involvement failure’ in an attempt to design and fit table clips to protect customers against bag theft in bars.

Ekblom, P., Bowers, K., Gamman, L., Sidebottom, A.., Thomas, C., Thorpe, A. and Willcocks, M. (2012)  ‘Reducing Handbag Theft in bars’’ in P. Ekblom (ed), Design Against Crime: Crime Proofing Everyday Objects. Crime Prevention Studies 27. Boulder, Col.: Lynne Rienner.

Describes Involvement/Mobilisation failure from same table clips example but this time from a design perspective.

3.    Historical documents

Ekblom, P. (1996). ‘Towards a Discipline of Crime Prevention: a Systematic Approach to its Nature, Range and Concepts’, in T Bennett, ed., Preventing Crime and Disorder:  Targeting Strategies and Responsibilities, Cambridge Cropwood Series, 43-98.  Cambridge: Institute of Criminology. Word version here.

Early attempt to extend CCO framework on causes of crime and preventive interventions, into the process-domain that became 5Is.

Ekblom, P. (1998) Community Safety and the Reduction and Prevention of Crime – a Conceptual Framework for Training and the Development of a Professional Discipline.

Material for guidance for local crime and disorder reduction partnerships associated with the Crime & Disorder Act 1998.

Alexandersson, L., T. Bersee, P. Ekblom, F. van Gelderen, and A. Kohl, (1999) Assessment Report of the Experts Working in L’viv, Ukraine. Council of Europe Project on Urban Insecurity and its Prevention in the CIS.  Strasbourg: COE.

Attempt to transfer modern crime prevention capacity into what was then a ‘novice’ country; pioneered the task focus that became part of 5Is.

Ekblom, P (2000)  ‘The Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity – a Tool for Clear, ‘Joined-up’ Thinking about Community Safety and Crime Reduction’ in Ballintyne, S., Pease, K. and McLaren, V., eds., Secure foundations: Key issues in crime prevention, crime reduction and community safety. 30-66. London: Institute for Public Policy Research (Word version).

This paper set out many of the ideas subsequently incorporated within 5Is. (Other CCO papers are currently here and here).

Ekblom, P (2002) ‘From the Source to the Mainstream is Uphill: The Challenge of Transferring Knowledge of Crime Prevention Through Replication, Innovation and Anticipation.’  In: N. Tilley (ed.) Analysis for Crime Prevention, Crime Prevention Studies 13: 131-203. Monsey, N.Y.: Criminal Justice Press/ Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.

Paper which set the scene for explicit knowledge management of crime prevention practice and which led to realisation through the 5Is framework.

Ekblom, P (2002) ‘Towards a European Knowledge Base’ and ‘The Five I’s: Experimental Framework for a Knowledge Base for Crime Prevention Projects’ in  European Crime Prevention Conference 2002 vol 1: 62-97.  Copenhagen: Danish Crime Prevention Council. Full pdf report and Word extract.

First detailed paper setting out 5Is framework. Somewhat outdated but includes worked example of 5Is Stirchley burglary project description.

Home Office (2002). ‘Illustrative Guide to 5Is’ and ‘5Is Introduction‘.

Still largely valid brief introduction.

Ekblom, P (2003) 5Is project description guidance note for EU Crime Prevention Network conferences 2002-4.

First set of 5Is headings and suggested methodology for assembling 5Is project descriptions, now superseded by 5Is book.

Ekblom, P (2005) ‘Designing Products against Crime’ in N. Tilley (ed.), Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety. Cullompton: Willan.

Contains attempt to blend 5Is and design process models. Somewhat outdated on the latter. Word version here.

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